Dario Bogni talks about food

Dario Bogni defines food as a fundamental activity in our life. On the one hand, it has a very important role in the socialization of the human being and his relationship with the environment that surrounds him. On the other, it is the process by which we obtain the nutrients that our body needs to live. Nutrients are the chemicals in food that the body breaks down, transforms, and uses for energy and matter for cells to carry out their functions properly. There are different types of nutrients, each having different functions:
⃝ Macronutrients are those that we need in large quantities; they comprise proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
⃝ Micronutrients are those that we only need in very small amounts. We consider vitamins and minerals within this group.
⃝ Others such as water and fiber (the latter not being a proper nutrient), which we also need in adequate amounts. Some of the nutrients we need to live can be made from others that we get from what we eat. Others, however, cannot be manufactured and must be ingested in the diet. The latter are called essential nutrients, explains Bogni Dario.
In each food, one or more nutrients predominate, which allows us to classify them into 6 different groups:
❶ Cereals, potatoes, sugar.
❷ Fatty foods and oils.
❸ Meats, eggs, fish, legumes and nuts.
❹ Milk and derivatives.
❺ Vegetables and vegetables.
❻ Fruits and derivatives.
As there is no food that provides us with all the nutrients in the quantities we need (with the exception of breastfeeding or the formulas that substitute it for infants during the first 6 months of life), it is necessary to develop a balanced diet, that is , a diet that includes foods of all the groups in the suitable proportion to cover the needs of the organism in a correct way. In addition, it must be taken into account that each stage of life has its peculiarities and the diet must adapt to them, indicates Dario Bogni. Childhood, for example, is characterized by being the time of greatest growth and development, and the diet must adapt both to the growth rate and to the maturation of the different processes involved in nutrition (ingestion, digestion, absorption and metabolism) to achieve an adequate state of health.